Russian experts assessed the level of protection of corporate data from hacker attacks – Disposable mail news

Even a low-skilled hacker can hack the internal network of global companies. An experienced attacker will not need more than half an hour to penetrate the local network. Such conclusions were made by experts from Positive Technologies in their research.

“It took an average of four days to penetrate the local network, and at least 30 minutes. In most cases, the complexity of the attack was estimated as low, that is, a low-skilled hacker who possesses only basic skills could also carry it out,” said experts.

Positive Technologies experts analyzed information dated 2019 on the protection of corporate information systems of 28 companies from external intruders and pentest (the penetration test). As part of external pentests, specialists managed to penetrate the local networks of 93% of organizations. In some cases, there were several ways to overcome network protection.

According to experts, every sixth company showed signs of hacker attacks, malicious links on official sites or valid accounts in public leak databases. Based on this, the researchers concluded that the company’s IT infrastructure could be controlled by hackers.

Specialists advise companies for protection, first, to follow the General principles of information security: regularly check their information resources available for external connection, as well as develop strict rules for corporate password policy and monitor their implementation. In addition, they recommend regularly updating the security settings for operating systems and installing the latest versions of software products.

Recall that, according to Kaspersky Lab, in April, the number of attacks on the infrastructure of Russian organizations whose employees work remotely exceeded 18 million, which is five times more than in February. Positive Technologies found that up to 48% of the passwords of employees of organizations is made up of a combination of a word indicating the time of the year or month and four digits indicating the year.


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Russian banks revealed new types of fraud – Disposable mail news

Stanislav Kuznetsov, Deputy Chairman of the Board of the Bank, said that fake Internet recruiting agencies that offer employment have become more active. An applicant should fill out a form with personal data. Then a letter arrives that he was hired, and he needs to transfer money for some equipment urgently. In the end, no money, no work.

VTB specialists reported cases of fraud when hackers place job ads and get access to mobile phones while communicating with candidates. Then, using remote access, hackers get to the client’s personal account and can withdraw money.

Hackers are looking for candidates without experience, for example, for the position of mobile app tester. Those who responded to the ad, they are asked to pass testing and install remote access programs to their computer or smartphone for control. Fraudsters can use them to log in to their personal account and withdraw funds.

The VAT refund scheme is also gaining popularity among fraudsters. Attackers publish videos on the Internet with a proposal to refund value-added tax to all Russians left without income. In this scheme, customers click on a fraudulent link from the description to the video and independently perform expense transactions, which leads to a loss of money.

“Internet companies began to actively appear that offer customers to take advantage of the volatility of cryptocurrencies and promise a large profit,” said Kuznetsov about another scheme.

Finally, financial fraudsters copy popular initiatives of well-known brands and companies to attract their victims, using hashtags of the period of self-isolation, for example, #stayhome and offer to participate in the campaign to get three thousand rubles ($42). For this, it is allegedly necessary to provide card data and a one-time SMS password.

It is worth adding, according to the international company Group-IB, using the remote access program TeamViewer, fraudsters steal from the clients of large banks on average from 6 million to 10 million rubles per month ($84,000 – 140,000).


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Data of 9 million customers of the Russian courier service CDEK leaked – Disposable mail news

Data belonging to nine million customers of the CDEC Express transportation service was put up for sale on the Web for 70 thousand rubles ($950). This is the largest leak of personal data in Russian delivery services

Telegram channel In4security noticed that the database contains information about the delivery and location of goods and information about buyers, including Tax Identification Numbers. The seller of the database sent the author of the Telegram channel screenshots dated May 8, 2020. This indicates that the databases are fresh.

The CDEC claims that there was no data leak from the company. As the representative of the service stressed, personal data is collected by many companies, including state aggregators, the leak could have occurred on any of these resources.

Andrey Arsentiev, Head of Analytics and Special Projects at InfoWatch Group of Companies, said that this is the largest leak of personal data from Russian delivery services. He notes that the information of CDEC users is not leaked for the first time: previously, customers of the delivery service complained that personal data of other people is visible on the company’s website due to vulnerabilities.

Head of Security Department of SearchInform Alex Drozd warned that after leaks there are always calls from scammers. They call the victim and introduce themselves as company employees and try to find out information about billing information.

The interest of fraudsters in the data of courier services may be associated with an increase in demand for their services during the coronavirus pandemic and self-isolation.
The company also recalled that recently, cases of detection of fraudulent sites that act on behalf of CDEC have become more frequent.

It should be noted that in recent weeks, there has been an increase in phishing sites: online cinemas, online stores, training courses, legal advice, government portals.  Earlier, Disposable mail news reported that Russia has bypassed the USA in hosting for phishing resources.


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The sites of the online action in honor of the victory in the Great Patriotic War were attacked by hackers – Disposable mail news

Sites where the online campaign Immortal regiment was broadcast, as well as the hotline’s telephone number, were subjected to repeated hacker attacks on May 9, the press service of the All-Russian public civil-patriotic movement Immortal Regiment of Russia reported on Sunday.

Recall that on May 9, 2020, Russia celebrated the 75th anniversary of the Victory in the Great Patriotic War.

“Immediately before the festive date, the website of the broadcast of the victorious procession, the site of the movement Immortal Regiment https://www.polkrf.ru/, the site of the movement Victory Volunteers, whose participants helped organize the procession, as well as the hotline’s telephone number, were repeatedly attacked hackers,” said the press service.

The first attack took place from 6 to 9 am Moscow time, hackers made more than 9 million requests to the site. The attack power was 18.5 thousand requests per second. Because of this, the processor capacity of the server was used up, and the site was threatened with a shutdown. Many users complained about problems downloading the broadcast.

Specialists were able to stop this attack, eliminate the vulnerability and quickly restore the site.
“646 unique IP addresses were used for the attack. 64% of the servers involved in the DDOS attack are located on the territory of European countries, 27% on the territory of North America, 3% in Asia,” found the developers.

The second attack of similar power occurred at 11 am. Specialists were able immediately to prevent the attack, eliminate vulnerabilities, and restore the normal operation of the site. that the majority of IP addresses used for the attack were located in Europe (64%). Another 27% of addresses were attacked from North America.

The all-Russian action Immortal regiment for the first time in history is completely held in an online format in connection with the coronavirus pandemic.


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Russia recognized as the leader in posting fraudulent resources on the Web – Disposable mail news

According to the results of last year, Russia seized the first place from the United States in terms of
the placement of fraudulent Internet resources, found out in the international company Group-IB, which specializes in repelling and preventing cyberattacks.

If in the previous three years, most of the blocked phishing resources were located in the United States, in 2019, Russia took first place in this indicator. Hosting services in Russia received 34% of blocked phishing resources, in the US 27%. Panama is in third place, it accounted for 8% of blocking.
The company also indicated that in 2019, the total number of blocked phishing resources increased three times, from 4.4 thousand to 14,093.

According to the Group-IB, earlier scammers stopped their campaigns after they were blocked and switched to other brands. Now they continue to work, replacing the blocked pages with new ones. They also complicated and expanded the mechanisms for implementing phishing attacks.

At the same time, the scammers revised their goals: the number of phishing resources for attacks on cloud storage doubled over the year and the number of fraudulent pages targeting users of Internet service providers tripled. This is due to the desire to get personal and payment data of users.

It is worth noting that Group-IB may require blocking resources as a competent organization that cooperates with the Coordination Center of RU domains.

Kaspersky lab reported in November 2019 that cyber fraudsters have developed a new method of corporate phishing to steal personal data from banks. For example, Bank employees receive an invitation to pass certification with the requirement to enter a username and password from their work email. As a result, fraudsters get access to their correspondence, which may contain files with personal data of credit institution clients.


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Moscow has denied accusations of stealing coronavirus-related developments – Disposable mail news

Accusations of the British authorities against Russia of allegedly stealing coronavirus developments by Russian hackers are “typical corona – madness” and a new round of information warfare, said Oleg Morozov, member of the Federation Council Committee on Foreign Affairs.

According to the Senator, the West this time did not miss the information occasion to call Moscow an enemy, despite the fact that the charges do not have any basis.

“The pandemic is another reason to embed this informational novelty in the “holy” fight against “terrible” Russia. This is like a virus that is invisible, but about which everyone is aware – so are Russian hackers. This topic is the modern information virus,” said Mr. Morozov.
The discourse began when cybersecurity experts warned that hostile states were trying to hack the databases of British universities and research institutions to steal research related to COVID-19, including the development of vaccines.

According to them, Iran and Russia are behind the hacking attempts, experts say that China is also a likely criminal. However, all attacks were unsuccessful, writes The Guardian.

Now dozens of British universities and institutions with biomedical potential are working on COVID-19 research, from new diagnostic tests to experimental treatments.

Oxford University, which is working on vaccine development and has recently started human trials, has already asked the NCSC to protect its research.

Recall that digital passes began to operate in Moscow and Moscow region on April 15. More than 900 thousand permanent digital passes were issued, and about 400 thousand one-time passes are issued daily. Specialists believe that the system of electronic tracking of people is being introduced into mass use in Moscow right now. And the epidemic is a good reason for such actions.
In addition, resources with a video message were revealed in North Ossetia, the author of which, speaking about the situation with COVID-19, said that states want to introduce artificial intelligence into people ‘s bodies through chips, through anonymization of a person, through biometrics, through distance learning.


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Email of the Pskov Churchman Tikhon was hacked – Disposable mail news

The Churchman Tikhon (Mr. Shevkunov), who is called “Vladimir Putin’s Confessor” in the media, told about the hacking of his mail. Now blackmailers are threatening to publish information of many years

“A few months ago it turned out that my email was hacked for many years. My private and business correspondence began to be published on the Black Mirror website. In parallel, these materials were published on other telegram channels. I was asked to pay ten million rubles to suspend publication. I, of course, refused,” said Tikhon.

The attackers, according to the clergyman, demanded to pay 10 million rubles ($132,000) to suspend the publication. The Churchman answered hackers that he can put all the information of his mail in open access if they will donate the same amount to the Pskov diocese.

Tikhon said that he did not want to “accept the terms of blackmailers and encourage dirty business.” Shevkunov added that he did not pay attention to the hack at all and commented on it only because of many questions from the media. “I know that the competent authorities are looking for hackers, but whether they find them or not, we will see,” said the Metropolitan.

“There is the COVID-19 virus, there are computer viruses, and there are such viruses in our society. They affect both those who steal other people’s letters, wanting to make money on it and those who eagerly read other people’s letters,” stated the Churchman
Tikhon.

It is worth noting that letters from his hacked mail continue to be published so far. In particular, recently an audio file of his conversation with the filmmaker Nikita Mikhalkov was published


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In April, experts identified 18 million cyberattacks on Russian companies working remotely – Disposable mail news

According to Kaspersky Lab, in April, the number of attacks on the infrastructure of Russian organizations whose employees work remotely exceeded 18 million, which is five times more than in February.

Hackers select the username and password from an employee’s account to log into the corporate infrastructure, explains Kaspersky Lab’s antivirus expert Dmitry Galov.

According to him, such attacks are the simplest. Hackers use, for example, dictionaries of popular passwords or passwords from leaked databases.

Brute force passwords are used on average in 70% of attacks on remote desktops using the RDP protocol.

Positive Technologies found that up to 48% of the passwords of employees of organizations is made up of a combination of a word indicating the time of the year or month and four digits indicating the year.

“After gaining access, a hacker can, for example, launch an encryption virus into the corporate network to offer the management to buy the decryption code”, said Dmitry Galov.
Andrey Arsentiev, Head of Analytics and Special Projects at InfoWatch, agreed that less experienced hackers sell data for access to more advanced colleagues. He noted that in recent months, offers of access to corporate infrastructure has grown on the black market from the price of $5-10 to tens of thousands of dollars.

According to the results of the first quarter of 2020, the number of offers for selling access around the world is 69% higher than in the previous quarter. The growth of such attacks in Kaspersky Lab is associated with a hasty transition to remote work: IT-services of companies were more concerned with organizing a remote workstation than with its security.

To protect against attacks, Kaspersky Lab recommends that companies use a corporate VPN and two-factor authentication and that employees set complex passwords.


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Positive technologies: fraudsters can steal money from every second mobile bank – Disposable mail news

According to the research of Positive technologies, every second mobile banking application has a vulnerability through which fraudsters can steal the money of its users.

The company selected 14 mobile apps for the Android and IOS operating systems, which were downloaded more than 500 thousand times from the Google Play and App Store.

It is noted that in 13 out of 14 applications, access to personal user data is possible. Hackers can exploit 76% of vulnerabilities in mobile banks without physical access to the device.

“None of the studied mobile banking applications has an acceptable level of security. In every second mobile Bank, fraudulent transactions and theft of funds are possible. In five out of seven applications, logins and passwords from user accounts are threatened, and bank card data may be stolen in every third application,” experts conclude.

The company’s experts advise users to set a PIN code to unlock the device to limit the ability of attackers to gain physical access and never click on links from strangers in SMS and messengers.

Group-IB regularly finds vulnerabilities in banking applications, but in practice, these weaknesses are rarely used because it is easier and cheaper for hackers to use social engineering, says Andrey Bryzgin, head of the Audit and Consulting Department of the Group-IB.

Previously, Positive Technologies identified 23% more cyberattacks in the first quarter of 2020 compared to the fourth quarter of last year. The increase in cybercrime is associated with the coronavirus COVID-19.

Moreover, the number of virtual crimes began to grow. Fraudsters send emails about COVID-19 with links that lead to fake sites where users are asked to enter data from Bank cards.


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Dozens of cyberattacks on the website of the Mayor of Moscow have been recorded since the beginning of February – Disposable mail news

Group-IB specialists recorded several DDoS attacks on Moscow electronic services, including the mos.ru portal. This was announced by the CEO of the company Ilya Sachkov.

As the head of the Moscow Government’s IT department, Eduard Lysenko, reported, the site experienced as many attacks in three hours as it has not experienced in the last two quarters.
At the moment, the cyber defense company Group-IB is figuring out who needed to carry out massive attacks on government resources and is looking for perpetrators.

“The investigation has begun, our task is to understand the reasons for cyberattacks and find the perpetrators. At the moment, we can not provide details, this will interfere with the tasks of investigators”, said the head of Group-IB, Ilya Sachkov.

According to him, the huge load on the website mos.ru it also caused many requests for passes from citizens. In addition, the interruptions were affected by the interest of Moscow residents, as there were numerous attempts by users to go to the portal just to explore and understand how it works.

At the same time, Sachkov added, it is possible to ensure stable operation of mos.ru, even despite increased loads. “The portal experiences problems that are standard when launching large-scale services of this kind. Such services are tested for fault tolerance, security, and implementation quality in order to ensure stability and continuity of service.”

Recall that from March 30, Moscow introduced a regime of complete self-isolation. Residents of Moscow are allowed to leave the apartment only as a last resort. Starting April 15, they will need to have a special pass to travel around the city by public or private transport. Such measures are designed to stop the spread of coronavirus infection.

Earlier, Disposable mail news reported that hackers hacked the digital Pass System of Moscow residents.


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