Lithuania leads a European Union Cyber Rapid Response Team (CRRT) at the European Union – Disposable mail news

Lithuania, the Netherlands, Poland, Romania, Croatia, and Estonia signed a Memorandum on the establishment of a European Union Cyber Rapid Response Team (CRRT). In the event of a cyber attack on any of the countries participating in the agreement, CRRT specialists should be ready to immediately repel the attack. Lithuania played a special role in creating this structure. Experts note that the EU has a really difficult situation with ensuring cybersecurity since not all States have the resources to repel hacker attacks. However, analysts doubt the effectiveness of CRRT.

Lithuanian Minister of Defense Raimundas Karoblis noted that this is a completely new international cyber potential, initiated and led by Lithuania and that each country faces cybersecurity problems.
According to the cybersecurity specialist, Andrei Masalovich, now the problem of protection against cyberthreats is facing not only the poor countries of the Baltic States but even the United States.

President of the Russian Association for Baltic Studies Nikolai Mezhevich believes that the attempts of the Lithuanian leadership to take a leading role in the organization of a pan-European cyber defense are largely dictated by the desire to improve the image of Lithuania.

In addition, according to Andrei Masalovich, the Lithuanian authorities also want to “show their importance” against the background of Estonia.

As for the possible source of the threat, all countries in the CRRT blamed Moscow for cyber attacks. For example, in 2018, the Netherlands accused Russian hackers of attacking the headquarters of the Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons. In the Baltic States, Russia is regularly suspected of cyberattacks.

Moscow, in turn, calls for the creation of “confidence-building measures in cyberspace” at the global level. This was stated last year by the special representative of the President of the Russian Federation for information security, Ambassador of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs on Special Assignments Andrei Krutskikh.


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The Russian quality system (Roskachestvo) gave recommendations on protecting data in social networks – Disposable mail news

Scammers in social networks use social engineering techniques to hack a user account. In this regard, Roskachestvo experts recommend setting the most stringent privacy settings for the personal page. According to experts, cybercriminals tend to get into the friend list in social networks in order to use this opportunity for fraud in the future, so users of social networks should monitor their privacy and be vigilant.

“Set the most strict privacy settings. For example, hide your contact information, published posts, and information about relatives and friends from everyone except your friends. This will make it more difficult for attackers to get your data and use it in fraud using social engineering,” said experts.

Cybercriminals use fake phone numbers, fake names, and other people’s photos to get into the friend’s list. In addition, there is a high risk that when you click on a postcard, petition, or unknown link, the user is redirected to a site that requests access data to social networks and passes them to the fraudster.

“Everyone knows for sure that a request for financial assistance from a hacked page is a fraudulent technique,” reminded Roskachestvo.

Experts advise adding only really familiar people to friends, and also beware of those who ask or offer money, and if a friend makes such a request, ask him personally by phone.

“Do not send payment or other confidential information in social networks and messengers. If you have already sent your card data, find and delete these messages,” said experts.

Roskachestvo advises not to follow suspicious links sent in messages, not to use public Wi-Fi networks, set up two-factor authentication in social networks, and use complex passwords for each service, using special software generators to compile them.

“At the same time, it is extremely important to use different passwords for accounts on different resources,” said Anton Kukanov, head of the Center for Digital Expertise of Roskachestvo.


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Russians were given ways to protect themselves from surveillance via a smartphone – Disposable mail news

Experts noted that most often smartphone owners are inattentive and infect their devices with spyware. Such programs can collect personal data and place it in the public domain, listen to conversations, and monitor the actions of the owner.

Sergey Nikitin, Deputy of the Group-IB Computer Forensics Laboratory, said that more than 90 percent of cases are not vulnerabilities, but user actions. According to him, the main source of infection is applications downloaded through the browser.

“The search engine, first, gives not an official site, but contextual advertising. Often, scammers buy it, and by clicking on the link from your phone, you download a malicious APK file,” said Nikitin.
Nikitin gave an example of the GetContact app, which shows how a person is named in his friends’ contact list. According to him, the user provides access to contacts that can leak to the network. He noted that such cases have already occurred. The expert advised not to download applications for remote management, for tracking the user. According to him, it is also not necessary to download the first available antivirus from the search engine, since an unknown program may be a program with a Trojan virus.

Kaspersky Lab expert Viktor Chebyshev also said that popular apps can be malicious. According to him, hackers often fake malicious programs for popular applications. “For example, we recently discovered more than a thousand malware that pretended to be a popular dating application. In General, in 2019, most often Trojans pretended to be photo-processing applications,” informed Chebyshev.

Another loophole for fraudsters is called remote control applications that allow to see the device’s screen.

“An attacker can ask you to install the program and then conduct a financial transaction on your behalf. Many banks now show a one-time code in push notifications, so it is not a problem to see it on the screen,” said the representative of Group-IB.
Experts also added that fake apps can be found even in official stores. You should be wary if the application requests administrative functions.


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Security Experts Say Hackers Can Hack Russian Banks In 5 Days – Disposable mail news

Experts from the information security company Positive Technologies came to the conclusion that hackers will need only five days on average to hack a large Russian Bank. Experts came to this conclusion on the basis of a number of tests. The attack was successful due to vulnerabilities in applications, software and password selection. In some cases, access to ATMs was obtained.

Tests in 10 banks from the top 50 banks showed that hackers need an average of 5 days to hack the Russian bank’s network. In cases where the hacker acts from the inside, he is able to get full control over the entire infrastructure of the Bank in two days.

During the audit of banks, whose names were not disclosed, experts simulated 18 cyberattacks. In eight cases, the attacks were carried out from the outside using only publicly available data, such as the Bank’s website or an incorrectly configured database. In ten cases, the hacker attacked from inside the bank, that is, the hacker was in the Bank building and got access to the power outlet, Wi-Fi network, and so on, or thanks to an external attack, he gained access to user data of a bank employee. Social engineering methods were not used in the tests.

Passwords turned out to be the weakest point because most of them were selected using a combination of similar words or nearby keys. Under one very common password “qwerty123” in one of the credit organizations were more than 500 accounts.

New testing showed that hackers can penetrate from the Internet into the local network of seven out of eight banks.

However, Kaspersky Lab’s Leading Antivirus Expert Sergey Golovanov said, Due to the improvement of bank security systems, Russian-speaking hacker groups are increasingly attacking foreign credit organizations, they are switching to banks in Asia, Africa and Latin America.


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Roskomnadzor blocked the email service Protonmail – Disposable mail news

The FSB of the Russian Federation reported that it was possible to install another email service that was used by an “electronic terrorist” to send messages about mining of objects with a massive stay of people in Russia. On Wednesday, the FSB and the Federal Service for Supervision of Communications, Information Technology and Mass Media (Roskomnadzor) announced the blocking of the Swiss postal service Protonmail.com.

“This email service was used by hackers both in 2019 and especially actively in January 2020 to send false messages about mass mining of objects on the territory of the Russian Federation under the guise of reliable information,” said the representative of Roskomnadzor.

In turn, the FSB of Russia reported that this service is used starting from January 24. Messages with threats of mining were sent to the email addresses of courts in four regions of the Russian Federation. Last year, the same service was also used to send false terrorist threats, but on a smaller scale.
“The texts also indicated allegedly mined 830 social and transport infrastructure objects. All threats were false,” the FSB reported.

ProtonMail CEO Andy Yen recently announced his decision to go to court because he believes the block is unfounded. According to him, blocking the service is an inefficient and inappropriate tool to combat cyber attacks.

“This will not stop cybercriminals from sending threats from another email service and will not help if the criminals are located outside of Russia. Cybercriminals are also likely to be able to bypass the block using one of their many VPN services,” Ian said.

The head of the company stressed that blocking mail will only harm private users and restrict access to private information for Russians.

Recall that this is the third foreign mail service blocked by Roskomnadzor for spreading false messages about mining facilities in Russia. On January 23, Roskomnadzor announced the blocking of the StartMail service. It was noted that mass mailings of messages about the mining of various objects on the territory of Russia were carried out through this mail service. Emails have been received since November 28, 2019.


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Russian Bank reminds about the danger of transferring personal data to someone – Disposable mail news

Transferring personal data to someone (details of cards and accounts, passport data), you can become a victim of cyber fraud, so you can not do this in any case, recalled the Deputy Chairman of the Board of Sberbank Stanislav Kuznetsov.

“Even if you take a picture of your card and send it to someone — this is basically already a leak. You might as well throw your wallet with your salary in the trash,” he said.

He also said that in the second half of 2019, Russian companies faced large-scale phishing. “Last year, several organized criminal groups working in this direction became more active. One of them has made a big step forward in expanding its criminal activities. This is the RTM hacking group, it is Russian-speaking and operates in Eastern Europe, including Russia”.

According to him, using modern software, RTM sends phishing emails to tens of thousands of companies in the country 10-15 times a month. Mr. Kuznetsov added that many companies open emails infected with viruses. “In this way, criminals get access to the company’s accounting documents — with the help of a virus, they send the company’s funds to their Bank accounts and gradually withdraw them,” he said.

According to Mr. Kuznetsov, Sberbank has already given law enforcement agencies materials about almost 20 criminals from the group. There are at least five such groups, he said.

“This is not a new type of crime, but in the second half of last year, Russia faced it for the first time on this scale. As a result, some institutions of the financial system, as well as small and medium-sized companies in various industries were affected,” said Stanislav Kuznetsov.

Recall, according to a study by TAdviser and Microsoft, in 2019, 76% of Russian medium and small businesses faced cybersecurity incidents. The main source of threats, businessmen called e-mail and external Internet resources.


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More than half of Russian companies are concerned about the protection of personal data of employees and customers – Disposable mail news

The antivirus company ESET studied the state of information security in the Russian business sector, interviewing dozens of IT Directors and business owners. According to ESET research, different types of cyber threats affected 90% of Russian businesses. 60% of Russian IT managers are seriously concerned about the safety of personal data.

“The discontinuation of Windows 7 will play a role. Many Russian companies, despite the risks, will continue to use the operating system in the workplace. This will increase the risk of infection with new viruses, compromise and loss of corporate data,” said the ESET representative. In addition, on January 14, 2020, support for the Windows 2008 and Windows 2008 R2 server systems was completed. They are used by many small and medium businesses. According to Ruslan Suleymanov, the Director of Information Technology Department of ESET Russia, this year, powerful and frequent DDoS attacks on the corporate sector and deepfakes will remain a trend.

Elena Ageeva, a consultant for the Information Security Center Jet Infosystems, notes that the development of cloud technologies will contribute to an increase in the number of attacks on cloud services.

According to InfoWatch, in Russia, ordinary employees have been and remain the main threat to the personal information of company customers. They account for more than 70% of the violations leading to leaks.

Andrey Arsentyev, head of the InfoWatch Analytics and Special projects Department, believes that phishing attacks will be further developed in 2020.

According to Dmitry Stetsenko, the head of the Kaspersky Lab’s group of system architects, attacks, almost undetected by standard antiviruses, through supply chains and BEC (Business Email Compromise) are gaining more and more popularity. After infecting the system, attackers prefer to use legal IT tools to develop attacks, which also complicates data protection.

Yevgeny Gnedin, head of Analytics at Positive Technologies, believes that attacks to steal information will prevail over attacks with the aim of direct financial theft. “Especially if the company does not provide ongoing monitoring of information security events and the investigation of cyber incidents,” said the representative of Positive Technologies.


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Russian banks to face risk due to a cancellation of support for Windows 7 – Disposable mail news

Termination of technical support for Windows 7 and Windows Server 2008 operating systems (OS) can become a serious problem for Russian banks. According to the architect of the Microsoft technology center in Russia, Ivan Budylin, now, banks are required to quickly switch to Windows 10, since working without technical support is contrary to information security requirements. He added that the lack of updates can lead to significant risks of data loss.

At the same time, according to the survey, credit institutions are not yet ready to completely abandon the old OS.

Some banks reported that they had signed an agreement with Microsoft for paid additional support for Windows 7 (EAS). However, the expert noted that paid support is not an alternative to updating the operating system, but a temporary measure.

A similar situation was already with the Windows XP operating system, which was not supported in 2017 but continued to be used. During WannaCry ransomware virus epidemic, some XP users faced a situation where the malware appeared on the computer, was blocked and deleted by the antivirus.
However, then the virus repeatedly tried to get into the computer again and was blocked again. This caused a huge load on the network, processor, and disk. The devices started working so slowly that it was almost impossible to do anything on them.

Therefore, experts recommended updating Windows 7 as soon as possible, even though antiviruses can protect an already unsupported system.

Yuri Brisov, a member of the Commission on legal support of the digital economy, said that by denying the ability to regularly and timely update systems, banks put their customers at risk, which is unacceptable.

According to Boris Yedidin, a lawyer and co-founder of Moscow Digital School, for using outdated programs and operating systems, banks can bring to administrative responsibility under the article “Violation of information protection rules”.

Recall that Microsoft has refused to support the Windows 7 operating system since January 14. The computer will work with the old OS, but the company does not provide technical support for any software updates, as well as security updates and fixes.


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Russian experts warn the danger of charging the phone in public places – Disposable mail news

The number of charging stations at airports, bus stops, metro stations and other public places in Russia has been growing rapidly in recent years. However, using such USB-inputs is not safe because attackers can access data stored in the phone or download malware through them. Today in Moscow you can charge your gadgets at airports and train stations, in metro trains, buses, at public transport stops, and in shopping and entertainment centers.

According to Sergey Nikitin, Deputy head of Group-IB, standard USB cables contain four wires: two for data transfer and two for charging. The problem is that hackers embed a special device in the charging wire, or add a small computer to the charger itself. When people connect a gadget to charge, they connect it to some other device.

“Attackers can thus gain access to your device,” said the expert. Nikitin gave an example of one of these attacks: a small computer sends malicious code to the gadget, runs it, and so the hacker gains access to the data of the smartphone. An expert at Jet Infosystems Georgy Starostin noted that cybercriminals can download photos from victim’s phones for blackmail or infect the device with a virus.

According to him, charging stations in public places carry other risks, the company providing the service can also install additional equipment. According to him, this way it will collect user data for further analysis and sale to advertisers.

The Avast press service said that information is transferred via USB ports in the same way as to the computer. If there are any vulnerabilities in the USB phone software, hackers can gain full control of the connected phone.

Experts advised users to try to avoid charging stations in public places. Avast offered to buy a portable power supply for charging the gadget or USB cables in which the data wires are removed.


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