A Series Of Cyber Essentials Toolkits Released To Address Cyber-Security Risks – Disposable mail news

As a major starting point for small businesses and government agencies to comprehend and address cybersecurity risk as they indulge with other risks, Cyber Essentials, the Cybersecurity and Infrastructure Security Agency (CISA) released the first in a series of six Cyber Essential Toolkits following its own November 2019 release.

CISA’s toolkits will give greater detail, insight, and assets on every one of the Cyber Essential’ six “Essential Elements” of a Culture of Cyber Readiness.

The launch of the introductory “Essential Element: Yourself, The Leader” will be followed every month by another toolkit to compare with every one of the six “Essential Elements.” Toolkit 1 targets on the role of leadership in fashioning a culture of cyber readiness in their organization with an accentuation on methodology and investment.

CISA Director Christopher Krebs says “We thank all of our partners in government and the private sector who played an essential role in the development of CISA’s Cyber Essentials Toolkit. We hope this toolkit and the ones we are developing, fills gaps, and provides executives the tools they need to raise the cybersecurity baseline of their teams and the organizations they lead.”

Cyber Essential created in collaboration with small businesses and state and local governments, plans to prepare smaller organizations that generally have not been a part of the national dialogue on cybersecurity with basic steps and assets to improve their cybersecurity.

The CISA incorporates two sections, the core values for leaders to build up a culture of security, and explicit activities for them and their IT experts to put that culture into action.

Every one of the six Cyber Essential incorporates a list of noteworthy items anybody can take to bring down cyber risks.

These are:

  •  Drive cybersecurity strategy, investment, and culture; 
  •  Develop a heightened level of security awareness and vigilance;
  •  Protect critical assets and applications; 
  •  Ensure only those who belong on your digital workplace have access; 
  •  Make backups and avoid loss of info critical to operations; 
  • Limit damage and restore normal operations quickly.


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Several Vulnerabilities Identified In Emerson OpenEnterprise – Disposable mail news

Recently four vulnerabilities were found in Emerson OpenEnterprise and were accounted for to the vendor in December 2019 with the patches released a couple of months later.

Roman Lozko, a researcher at Kaspersky’s ICS CERT unit, was responsible for the identification of the flaws, and the security holes found by him have been depicted as ‘heap-based cushion buffer, missing authentication, improper ownership management, and weak encryption issues.

The U.S. Cybersecurity and Infrastructure Security Agency (CISA) and Kaspersky published advisories for three of the vulnerabilities a week ago. The rest of the vulnerability was described by Kaspersky in a previous advisory.

As indicated by Emerson, OpenEnterprise is explicitly intended to address the prerequisites of associations focusing on oil and gas production, transmission, and distribution.

The initial two followed as CVE-2020-6970 and CVE-2020-10640 are depicted as critical, as they can allow an attacker to remotely execute discretionary code with ‘elevated privileges’ on devices running OpenEnterprise.

Vladimir Dashchenko, a security expert at Kaspersky, says an attacker could misuse these vulnerabilities either from the system or directly from the internet. Notwithstanding, there don’t give off an impression of being any occurrences of the affected product exposed to the internet.

“The most critical vulnerabilities allow remote attackers to execute any command on a computer with OpenEnterprise on it with system privileges, so this might lead to any possible consequences,”

 “Based on Shodan statistics, currently there are no directly exposed OpenEnterprise SCADA systems available,” Dashchenko explained. “It means that asset owners with installed OpenEnterprise are definitely following the basic security principles for industrial control systems.”

The rest of the vulnerabilities can be exploited to ‘escalate privileges’ and to acquire passwords for OpenEnterprise user accounts, yet exploitation in the two cases requires local access to the targeted system.


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Maze Ransomware Operators Leaked 2GB of Financial Data from Bank of Costa Rica (BCR) – Disposable mail news

Bank of Costa Rica (BCR) has been receiving threats from the threat actors behind Maze ransomware who have stolen credit card details from the bank, the ransomware gang started publishing the encrypted financial details this week.

The Banco de Costa Rica is one of the strongest state-owned commercial banks operated in Costa Rica, starting from humble origins of mainly being a private commercial bank, it expanded to become a currency issuer and one of the most renowned baking firms in Central America contributing largely in the financial development of the nation.

The hacker group behind the data leak have demanded a ransom from Banco de Costa Rica at various occasions, however, to their dismay they observed a lack of seriousness in the way the bank dealt with these previous leaks and it served as a primary reason that motivated the latest data leak, according to an interview with Maze ransomware operators.

As per the claims made by the attackers, Banco de Costa Rica’s network remained insecure till February 2020; it was in August 2019 when they first compromised the bank’s network and the second attempt was made in the month of February 2020 to see how the security has been improvised – if at all so.

The 2GB of data published by the Maze ransomware attackers on their leak site contains the details of at least 50 Mastercards and Visa credit cards or debit cards, a few being listed more than once.

As per the statements given by Brett Callow, a threat analyst with Emsisoft to ISMG, “Like other groups, Maze now weaponizes the data it steals,”

“The information is no longer simply published online; it’s used to harm companies’ reputations and attack their business partners and customers.”

“The Maze group is a for-profit criminal enterprise who are out to make a buck,” Callow says. “The credit card information has been posted for one of two reasons: Either to pressure BCR into paying and/or to demonstrate the consequences of non-compliance to their future victims,” Callow further told.


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Russian experts assessed the level of protection of corporate data from hacker attacks – Disposable mail news

Even a low-skilled hacker can hack the internal network of global companies. An experienced attacker will not need more than half an hour to penetrate the local network. Such conclusions were made by experts from Positive Technologies in their research.

“It took an average of four days to penetrate the local network, and at least 30 minutes. In most cases, the complexity of the attack was estimated as low, that is, a low-skilled hacker who possesses only basic skills could also carry it out,” said experts.

Positive Technologies experts analyzed information dated 2019 on the protection of corporate information systems of 28 companies from external intruders and pentest (the penetration test). As part of external pentests, specialists managed to penetrate the local networks of 93% of organizations. In some cases, there were several ways to overcome network protection.

According to experts, every sixth company showed signs of hacker attacks, malicious links on official sites or valid accounts in public leak databases. Based on this, the researchers concluded that the company’s IT infrastructure could be controlled by hackers.

Specialists advise companies for protection, first, to follow the General principles of information security: regularly check their information resources available for external connection, as well as develop strict rules for corporate password policy and monitor their implementation. In addition, they recommend regularly updating the security settings for operating systems and installing the latest versions of software products.

Recall that, according to Kaspersky Lab, in April, the number of attacks on the infrastructure of Russian organizations whose employees work remotely exceeded 18 million, which is five times more than in February. Positive Technologies found that up to 48% of the passwords of employees of organizations is made up of a combination of a word indicating the time of the year or month and four digits indicating the year.


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China and Digital Currency : multifaceted advantages or a surveillance and tracking juncture? – Disposable mail news

People’s Bank of China (PBoC), China’s central bank issued a public notice on April 29, 2020, “In order to implement the FinTech Development Plan (2019-2021), the People’s Bank of China has explored approaches to designing an inclusive, prudent and flexible trial-and-error mechanism. In December 2019, a pilot programme was launched in Beijing. To intensively advance the trial work of fintech innovation regulation, the PBoC supports the expansion of the pilot program to cover the cities of Shanghai, Chongqing, Shenzhen, Hangzhou, Suzhou, as well as Xiong’an New Area of Hebei, by guiding licensed financial institutions and tech companies to apply for an innovation test.”

After five years in making China’s digital yuan is ready to be made public. While the world is battling Corona and settling the blame over China, the republic pushes out China’s central bank digital currency (CBDC), Christened Digital Currency Electronic Payment (DCEP) will be made available via mobile wallets.
This new digital cash values the  same as yuan and if this experiment succeeds than China will be the first sovereign that uses crypto.

Cryptocurrency has been received skeptically by the whole world but the case is quite the opposite in China. After 2015-16, Chinese investors became intrigued by ether,and Bitcoin became a popular alternative asset.

“China has emerged as the capital of the crypto ecosystem, accounting for nearly 90% of trading volumes and hosting” The Hindu reports.

Outside China, people are dwelling if the digital yuan will takeover the dollar, as this stroke by the  People’s Republic will forever change the trading way.

Advantage or Surveillance? 

Beijing gives a mundane explanation for circulating digital yuan as a way to control shadow banking and other risks.
Digital Currency will pave multifaceted advantages like combating tax evasions and money laundering. Also, paper currency consumes
around 2% of the GDP. It will also help in financial inclusions and direct benefit transfer especially in emergencies. Overall, the digital currency will speed up transactions and also ease international trade.

But, this crypto retail system would not be cryptic and the anonymity of cash will disappear. Authorities can very well look into transactions for illegal and unwanted activities. The rising state of surveillance has questioned citizen privacy as physical contact tracing and now financial tracing becomes the new normal.


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TV Equipment Used To Eavesdrop On Sensitive Satellite Communications – Disposable mail news

With just £270 ($300) of home television equipment an Oxford University-based security researcher caught terabytes of real-world satellite traffic including sensitive information from “some of the world’s largest organizations.”

The news comes as the number of satellites in the orbit is said to have an increment from around 2,000 today to more than 15,000 by 2030.

James Pavur, a Rhodes Scholar and DPhil student at Oxford will detail the attack in a session at the Black Hat security conference toward the beginning of August.

Alongside it Pavur will demonstrate that, “under the right conditions” attackers can easily hijack active meetings by means of the satellite link, a session overview revealed.

While full details of the attack won’t be uncovered until the Black Hat conference, a 2019 conference paper published by Pavur gives a ‘sneak peek’ into a small part of the challenges of security in the satellite communications space.

It seems to all come down into the absence of encryption-in-transit for satellite-based broadband communications.

The May 2019 paper (“Secrets in the Sky: On Privacy and Infrastructure Security in DVB-S Satellite Broadband“) notes:

“Satellite transmissions cover vast distances and are subject to speed-of-light latency effects and packet loss which can impair the function of encryption schemes designed for high-reliability terrestrial environments (e.g. by requiring re-transmission of corrupted key materials). Moreover, satellites themselves are limited in terms of computing capabilities, and any on-board cryptographic operation risks trading off with other mission functionality.”

It additionally uncovers how a small portion of the eavesdropping in was led utilizing a “75 cm, flat-panel satellite receiver dish and a TBS-6983 DVB-S receiver….configured to receive Ku-band transmissions between 10,700 MHz and 12,750 MHz”

Pavur grabbed sensitive communications using tools costing less than $300, including a Selfsat H30D Satellite Dish, a TBS 6983 Satellite PCI-E, and a three-meter coaxial cable.

Pavur even focuses on the Digital Video Broadcasting-Satellite (DVB-S) and DVB-S rendition 2 protocols, which transmit information in MPEG-TS format.

The paper includes: “A collection of Python utilities… was used to analyze each of these transponders for signs of DVB-based internet transmissions.”

The 2018 experiment takes note of that through manual review of the intercepted traffic, the security researchers distinguished “[traffic] flows associated with electrical power generation facilities”

“Vulnerable systems administration pages and FTP servers were publicly routable from the open internet. This means that an attacker could sniff a session token from a satellite connection, open a web browser, and log in to the plant’s control panel…”

Alongside further details on the attack, Pavur will at Black Hat present an “open-source tool which individual customers can use to encrypt their traffic without requiring ISP involvement.”


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Microsoft rolls out a new threat intelligence against COVID-19 attacks – Disposable mail news


COVID-19 has become a hotspot of cyber attacks and spams as the majority of employees are working from home. These growing numbers of attacks have made security firms and tech industries quite concerned. But Microsoft has come to the rescue, rolling out a new COVID-19 threat intelligence.

Microsoft announced on its blog a new move that will improve security and can be availed easily. The company has introduced a COVID-19 threat intelligence made available from May 14, sharing feeds for Azure Sentinel customers and publicly available for everyone on GitHub.

So, even if you are not a Microsoft customer worry not, you can still protect yourself from these COVID-19 based attacks. This data is only available for a limited period only until the pandemic threat looms over our heads.

“Microsoft processes trillions of signals each day across identities, endpoints, cloud, applications, and email, which provides visibility into a broad range of COVID-19-themed attacks, allowing us to detect, protect, and respond to them across our entire security stack,” Microsoft stated in their blog.
“Today, we take our COVID-19 threat intelligence sharing a step further by making some of our own indicators available publicly for those that are not already protected by our solutions.”

Users with Microsoft Threat Protection need not go through this, they are already protected with Microsoft Defender Advanced Threat Protection (ATP) and email with Office 365 ATP.

These COVID-19 threat intelligence indicators are available on the Azure Sentinel GitHub via Microsoft Graph Security API.

Best Protection from COVID-19 Threats 

Hackers and Cybercriminals have been using an array of malicious ways from malware to phishing emails for their own gain. This move by Microsoft will shift the balance and go a long way to protect and defend from such threats.

Security researcher Sean Wright says, “Microsoft certainly deserves credit for this. It will be especially useful for those who are struggling at the moment and don’t necessarily have the funds to afford services that organizations would normally have to pay for.”

“This information is going to be very useful to enable many volunteers in the community to help organizations and others. It is the correlation of data—especially threat intelligence—that will go a long way to help stop the threat actors out there who are actively targeting organizations and individuals.”

Some are critical of this announcement by the tech giant pointing out that it is “too little, too late”.

 “I’m not saying it’s not welcome but where was this support nine weeks ago?” says Ian Thornton-Trump. 

Ian Thornton-Trump, CISO at Cyjax points out “It’s clever marketing and has some value—although most, if not all, those indicators of compromise (IOCs) will be available from a multitude of cyber threat intelligence sources, feeds and vendors already.”


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The lifespan of Phishing Attacks Recorded a Tremendous Growth in H2 2019 – Disposable mail news

Phishing attacks recorded a remarkable surge in H2 2019, the growth has been alarming with the number of phishing websites blockages soaring by 230 percent per year. Earlier, phishers would terminate the fraudulent campaign once their webpages were blocked, however, now they are immediately mobilizing the phishing attack onto other brands. It serves as the main reason as to why the number grew so rampantly.

As the lifespan of phishing attacks increased tremendously, attackers became specific about their target pool and have increasingly targeted online services and cloud storage providers, the primary reason being the huge chunks of sensitive data stored in them that can be downloaded by the attackers to later threaten the victims for a ransom.

Turning towards a diligent attacking method, phishers have improved upon the ways they choose their campaigns and targets – preferring quantity over quality. Client software, e-commerce, online streaming, and delivery services were some online services that contributed to 29.3 percent of the phishers’ targets, cloud storages amounted to 25.4 percent while financial organizations made for a total of 17.6 percent, as per the statistics for the last year.

While spotting and preventing the distribution of threats online, a total of 8,506 phishing web resources were blocked by Group-IB’s Computer Emergency Response Team (CERT-GIB).

While providing insights on the matter to Help Net Security, Yaroslav Kargalev, CERT-GIB deputy head said, “Several years ago, creators of phishing pages were likely to have some technical background, they created phishing pages, putting much effort into the launch of their campaigns, preventing them from being detected and relentlessly supporting their sustainability….”

“This industry has changed its face — those pioneers no longer create phishing pages, they create tools for operators of web phishing campaigns who do not necessarily have any programming skills, and last year became the culmination of this trend. Since this new generation of phishers is not that experienced in maintaining the web resources viable, the phishing community’s focus has shifted toward the number of scam resources,” he added.

Banking Trojans and cryptocurrency projects have seen a steep decline in their preference amongst cybercriminals. As the functionality of backdoors has continued to expand, spyware and backdoors have stolen the show to reach the number one spot in the popularity rankings with a whopping 35 percent share.


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Security Flaws Impacting Oracle’s iPlanet Web Server Discovered By Researchers – Disposable mail news

Cyber Security Experts discover two security defects affecting Oracle’s iPlanet Web Server that could cause sensitive data exposure and limited injection attacks. 

Tracked as CVE-2020-9315 and CVE-2020-9314, discovered by experts at Nightwatch Cybersecurity on January 19, 2020, the two flaws are said to reside in the web administration console of the enterprise server management server. 

The first issue, known as CVE-2020-9315, could permit unauthenticated remote attackers to secure the read-only access to any page inside the administration console, without validation, by essentially replacing an admin GUI URL for the target page. 

The vulnerability could bring about the leak of sensitive information, including configuration information and encryption keys. 

While the second tracked as CVE-2020-9314, could be exploited to infuse external images which can be utilized for phishing and social engineering attacks. It lives in the “productNameSrc” parameter of the console. 

An inadequate fix for CVE-2012-0516 XSS validation defect considered this parameter to be abused related to “productNameHeight” and “productNameWidth” parameters for the injection of images into a domain. 

The two vulnerabilities affect Oracle iPlanet Web Server 7.0.x, that is no longer supported. 

At the time it isn’t clear if the earlier versions of the application are likewise influenced. As indicated by the experts, the most recent variants of Oracle Glassfish and Eclipse Glassfish share common code with iPlanet, yet they don’t appear to be vulnerable. 

“Since Oracle no longer supports Oracle iPlanet Web Server 7.0.x, the policy is that there is no coordinated disclosure involving Oracle,” concludes the report published by Nightwatch Cybersecurity. ”Reporters who discover security vulnerabilities in products that Oracle no longer supports are free to disclose vulnerability details without Oracle participation.” 

Following is the timeline for the issues: 

2020-01-19: Initial discovery 

2020-01-24: Initial disclosure sent to the vendor; rejected since the product is not supported 

2020-01-24: Clarification questions sent to the vendor 

2020-01-27: Report again rejected by vendor; referred to MITRE for CVE assignment 

2020-01-29: CVEs requested from MITRE 

2020-02-07: Initial report sent to CERT/CC 

2020-02-17: CVE request rejected by MITRE, resubmitted with more data 

2020-02-18: Response received from CERT/CC 

2020-02-20: CVE assignments received from MITRE 

2020-02-20: CVEs and disclosure plans communicated to the vendor 

2020-05-10: Public disclosure


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IoT (Internet of Things) : taking the world by storm – Disposable mail news

IoT or Internet of things refers to billions of devices and machines in the world connected to the internet, sharing and collecting data.

Now, with the advancement in computing and wireless technology even something as small as a pill or as big as an aeroplane can become a part of IoT. Any device or machine that can be transformed into an IoT device is connected to the internet to communicate and transfer data and perform  functions without human involvement.

According to Gartner, a research and advisory company around 21 billion “connected things” right at this moment are working collecting data and performing tasks. They predict that by the end of 2020, the IoT market will grow 21% with 5.8 billion endpoints.

“Electricity smart metering, both residential and commercial will boost the adoption of IoT among utilities,” said Peter Middleton, senior research director at Gartner. “Physical security, where building intruder detection and indoor surveillance use cases will drive volume, will be the second-largest user of IoT endpoints in 2020.”

Be it consumer devices, smart devices, the medical sector, government, industrial sector like automobiles, productions nearly every enterprise use IoT devices in some form.

The utility of IoT devices is realized in this COVID-19 era where the ability to remote control devices and perform works is a great help. These millions of IoT endpoints are bridging the gap between the digital and physical worlds.

Mobilizing the World

The best example of IoT’s value is the ‘Medical Sector’ like Kinsa’s connected thermometer which sends the data to the company who uses it to flag possible COVID-19 outbreaks.

79 percent of healthcare providers with over $100 million revenue put IoT devices in production. Gartner also predicts a 13-percent rise in medical IoT spending for the next fiscal year.

As great are the benefits of Iot, the risks are ever-increasing. There are security risks as connecting to internet invites attack vendors that offline machines never face. Installing IoT devices are a great feat in itself with proper procurement, deployment, security, and monitoring.

But the rewards of IoT surpass the risk, they increase efficiency, provides a cutting edge technology, and most importantly the invaluable data. Ofcourse, one needs the right analytics tools and strategy that imputes building a whole analytics team and department. Experts do say, you would definitely fail in your first attempt but learn from the mistakes and get it right the next time


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