Russian banks revealed new types of fraud – Disposable mail news

Stanislav Kuznetsov, Deputy Chairman of the Board of the Bank, said that fake Internet recruiting agencies that offer employment have become more active. An applicant should fill out a form with personal data. Then a letter arrives that he was hired, and he needs to transfer money for some equipment urgently. In the end, no money, no work.

VTB specialists reported cases of fraud when hackers place job ads and get access to mobile phones while communicating with candidates. Then, using remote access, hackers get to the client’s personal account and can withdraw money.

Hackers are looking for candidates without experience, for example, for the position of mobile app tester. Those who responded to the ad, they are asked to pass testing and install remote access programs to their computer or smartphone for control. Fraudsters can use them to log in to their personal account and withdraw funds.

The VAT refund scheme is also gaining popularity among fraudsters. Attackers publish videos on the Internet with a proposal to refund value-added tax to all Russians left without income. In this scheme, customers click on a fraudulent link from the description to the video and independently perform expense transactions, which leads to a loss of money.

“Internet companies began to actively appear that offer customers to take advantage of the volatility of cryptocurrencies and promise a large profit,” said Kuznetsov about another scheme.

Finally, financial fraudsters copy popular initiatives of well-known brands and companies to attract their victims, using hashtags of the period of self-isolation, for example, #stayhome and offer to participate in the campaign to get three thousand rubles ($42). For this, it is allegedly necessary to provide card data and a one-time SMS password.

It is worth adding, according to the international company Group-IB, using the remote access program TeamViewer, fraudsters steal from the clients of large banks on average from 6 million to 10 million rubles per month ($84,000 – 140,000).


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Russia recognized as the leader in posting fraudulent resources on the Web – Disposable mail news

According to the results of last year, Russia seized the first place from the United States in terms of
the placement of fraudulent Internet resources, found out in the international company Group-IB, which specializes in repelling and preventing cyberattacks.

If in the previous three years, most of the blocked phishing resources were located in the United States, in 2019, Russia took first place in this indicator. Hosting services in Russia received 34% of blocked phishing resources, in the US 27%. Panama is in third place, it accounted for 8% of blocking.
The company also indicated that in 2019, the total number of blocked phishing resources increased three times, from 4.4 thousand to 14,093.

According to the Group-IB, earlier scammers stopped their campaigns after they were blocked and switched to other brands. Now they continue to work, replacing the blocked pages with new ones. They also complicated and expanded the mechanisms for implementing phishing attacks.

At the same time, the scammers revised their goals: the number of phishing resources for attacks on cloud storage doubled over the year and the number of fraudulent pages targeting users of Internet service providers tripled. This is due to the desire to get personal and payment data of users.

It is worth noting that Group-IB may require blocking resources as a competent organization that cooperates with the Coordination Center of RU domains.

Kaspersky lab reported in November 2019 that cyber fraudsters have developed a new method of corporate phishing to steal personal data from banks. For example, Bank employees receive an invitation to pass certification with the requirement to enter a username and password from their work email. As a result, fraudsters get access to their correspondence, which may contain files with personal data of credit institution clients.


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Experts warned of a wave of repeated attacks on victims of cyber fraud – Disposable mail news

Group-IB specialists identified the spread of a popular scam on the Network. The Double Deception scheme is as follows: people who have already become victims of Internet scams are offered assistance in obtaining compensation for damage, after which scammers steal their personal information, including bank card information.

“The scheme has several scenarios — scammers offer to refund money for participating in popular fake polls, give away or dishonest lotteries. In another case, they promise VAT compensation for expenses on the purchase of foreign goods: medicines and dietary supplements, clothes and shoes, food, fuel, building materials, household appliances, etc.,” said Group-IB.

Experts have studied the working scheme of one of the fraudulent resources. As it turned out, behind it is a network of sites of more than 170 domain names registered for one person. Fraudsters often register their sites in the domain zone .xyz and not in .ru. This allows them to avoid quick locks.

In order to attract victims, fraudsters use several methods. They can send newsletters in social networks, messengers and by mail, or use clones of popular media. Group-IB experts gave an example of the title of one of such fake publications: “a 76-year-old pensioner received 170,000 rubles of VAT compensation and spent all the money on a stripper.” From this page, users were redirected to a website where they were asked to calculate their VAT refund amount. To do this, the victim must enter four digits of the Bank card number. The final step of this scheme is to redirect the person who wants to receive compensation to the chatbot. There, the user was asked to talk to a lawyer who would help them get compensation, and finally pay for their services to get a refund. As a result, the victim’s card details and money are debited by fraudsters.

Earlier, EHackingNews reported than according to cybersecurity experts, attacks on the network perimeter of domestic companies have begun to grow. Hackers are trying to get access over servers and get into the local network. This boom is caused by the transfer of employees to remote work.


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Information security experts have warned Russians about bonus card fraud schemes. – Disposable mail news

Fraudsters several thousand times tried to illegally take advantage of discount bonuses of Russians in 2019.

Some attackers gained access to customers’ personal accounts, and then bought the products using bonuses, said Alexey Sizov, head of the anti-fraud department of the Application Security Systems Center at Jet Infosystems.

According to him, a fraudster can register a personal account on a card that was issued to another person. The victim will accumulate points without knowing about the existence of his profile, and the attacker will write off bonuses, said Sizov.

The expert added that this is mainly done by novice scammers. According to him, loyalty programs are poorly protected, unlike banking operations. He said that they are estimated at 50 billion rubles ($760 milliard) for the 30 largest retailers.

Alexey Fedorov, Chairman of the Business Russia Trade Committee, said that in 2019, the number of bonus and discount thefts “increased significantly.”

According to Fedorov, scammers often pay attention to gas stations. The expert noted that often points are stolen by employees of stores and call-cents who have access to information about loyalty programs. Especially for customers who do not use the accumulated points for a long time, said Fedorov.

The press service of the Russian trading network Magnit told that they also see a problem in fraud with bonus points. However, the damage from it is more image-based, as customers are disappointed in the loyalty program and lose confidence in it.

In addition, representatives of the largest retail chains in Russia said that they have already taken care of the problem of stealing discount points. To protect against such scams, sellers introduce two-factor identification: bonus debits must now be confirmed with a code from SMS, similar to banking operations.


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The hacker explained why in Russia cards will become more often blocked – Disposable mail news

Hacker Alexander Warski told what to expect from Governing Bodies. According to him, bank cards will more often be blocked in Russia.

The information security specialist expressed the opinion of the new law on mandatory notification of blocking of finances on the accounts of Russians. Starting from March 28, according to the new law, credit institutions are obliged to notify customers about the blocking of funds on the same day, necessarily indicating the reason for their actions. According to the hacker, the new law will only contribute to a significant increase in blockages.

“The governing bodies will be more likely to use this tool,” – said Warski.
At the moment, the percentage of all illegal withdrawals is 1% of all financial transactions. Scammers use fake phone numbers that are displayed as Bank numbers and disturb people on behalf of the Bank. In this regard, the hacker believes that mobile operators are to blame for allowing the sale of virtual SIM cards.

State Duma Deputy Natalia Poklonskaya believes that the introduction of the new law will make the bank-client relationship system more transparent.

“Now this side of banking will become more open, and blocking the client’s account will no longer be unexpected, which means that it will not be able to be a manipulative tool,” said Natalia.

Earlier, EhackingNews reported that experts from the information security company Positive Technologies came to the conclusion that hackers will need only five days on average to hack a large Russian Bank.

In addition, it became known that 89% of data leakage incidents in Russian banks were caused by ordinary employees.

Banks also noted the appearance of special Telegram bots, through which people can earn anonymously on the leak of information and personal data. Each case of information disclosure costs 50-100 thousand rubles ($750 – $1,500).


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The Central Bank of Russia warned about the new scheme of fraud “taxi from the Bank” – Disposable mail news

Fraudsters have found a new way to withdraw money from Russians. Social engineering is also in progress: people are offered a new service from banks “taxi to ATM”, and on the way, they are convinced to transfer money to a third-party account.

Victims of the new scheme are those who do not use online banking, in particular, the elderly. Attackers force them to transfer money through an ATM, for which they offer to use the “taxi from the Bank” service for free.

This information is confirmed not only in banks but also in the Central Bank. Several people have already become victims of such a fraud, all of them tell about the same story: criminals call from the number “8 800” and report that someone is trying to withdraw funds from the client’s card. If the potential victim does not have an Internet Bank, the person was offered a special taxi to the ATM.

“Allegedly, it will be possible to transfer funds to a secure account from ATM. Attackers order a regular taxi for the victim, and when a person is at the ATM, he makes a dictation operation to transfer money to the attacker’s account,” said Alexey Golenishchev, Director of monitoring operations and disputes at Alfa-Bank.

The Central Bank warned that customers are never asked to make transactions through ATMs when a suspicious operation is suspected. Scammers often offer to transfer money through an ATM, and “taxi from the Bank” is one of the varieties of this scheme.

Sberbank confirms this scenario and recognizes that the scheme is becoming more popular. The victims are lonely people or elderly people who are easily to trick, and they do not have the opportunity to consult with someone. Scammers do not give time to think and convince a person to act quickly.

Usually, the damage from such fraudulent actions is about 15 thousand rubles ($220).
Previously, fraudsters began to practice another way of cheating. A man finds a forgotten card at an ATM, picks it up and then the owner of the card appears. Of course, the owner reports that money has disappeared from his card.


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Insider data breaches : a big concern say 97% of IT leaders – Disposable mail news


According to a survey by Egress, a shocking 97% of IT leaders said insider breach is a big concern. 78% think employees have put the company’s data in jeopardy accidentally while 75% think they (employees) put data at risk intentionally.
And asking about the consequences and implication of these risk, 45% said financial damage would be the greatest.

Egress surveyed more than 500 IT leaders and 5000 employees from UK, US and Benelux regions.
The survey showed serious incompetence of IT sector in handling data and their own security as well as employee confusion about data ownership and responsibility.

On the question of how they manage insider data breach and security measures they use, half of IT leaders said they use antivirus software to detect phishing attacks, 48% use email encryption and 47% use secure collaboration tools.
And 58% , that is more than half relied on employee reporting than any breach detecting system.

Egress CEO, Tony Pepper says that the report shows the ignorance of IT leaders towards insider breaches and the lack of risk management on their part.

 “While they acknowledge the sustained risk of insider data breaches, bizarrely IT leaders have not adopted new strategies or technologies to mitigate the risk. Effectively, they are adopting a risk posture in which at least one-third of employees putting data at risk is deemed acceptable.

“The severe penalties for data breaches mean IT leaders must action better risk management strategies, using advanced tools to prevent insider data breaches. They also need better visibility of risk vectors; relying on employees to report incidents is not an acceptable data protection strategy.”

Misdirected and phishing emails are top cause of insider data breaches- 

Misdirected and phishing emails are top cause of accidental insider data breaches as 41% of employees who leaked data said they did it because of phishing emails and 31% said they sent the information to the wrong individual by email.

 Tony Pepper adds;

“Incidents of people accidentally sharing data with incorrect recipients have existed for as long as they’ve had access to email. As a fundamental communication tool, organizations and security teams have weighed the advantages of efficiency against data security considerations, and frequently compromise on the latter. 

“However, we are in an unprecedented time of technological development, where tools built using contextual machine learning can combat common issues, such as misdirected emails, the wrong attachments being added to communications, auto-complete mistakes, and employees not using encryption tools correctly. Organizations need to tune into these advances to truly be able to make email safe.”


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Phishing Scam: Puerto Rico Government Loses More than $2.6 million – Disposable mail news

Puerto Rico’s government fell for an email phishing scam and unintentionally lost over $2.6 million to cyber-criminals behind the scam, as per a senior Puerto Rico official. It is a government-owned agency whose mission is to drive economic development on the island while working with local as well as foreign investors.

These days, scammers launch thousands of phishing scams like these which resulted in it being a top reported crime to the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI), in the past year, as per the IC3 annual report released recently. Some top victims of a similar kind of attack from last year include a Texas school district being scammed for $2.3m, a British community housing non-profit being scammed for $1.2m and Nikkei for a whopping $29m.

On Wednesday a complaint was filed to police, in which Rubén Rivera, finance director of the island’s Industrial Development Company confirmed that the money has been sent to a fraudulent account by an unsuspecting employee from Puerto Rico’s Industrial Development Company. The officials discovered the incident earlier this week and it was immediately reported to the FBI, according to the statements given by the executive director of the agency, Manuel Laboy to the Associated Press.

However, Laboy did not comment on how the officials came to know about the phishing scam and the aftermath of the incident involving employees being dismissed or how this incident affected the overall operations when the funds went missing. He further told that an internal investigation has been instigated to find out if someone disregarded the set standards and were negligent about the laid out procedures, he also added that the officials at the corporation are attempting to recover the lost funds.

The agency received a fraudulent email claiming that the bank account used by them for remittance payments should not be used anymore for that purpose and it also told the agency that they should transfer the money to a new account that belonged to the criminals operating the scam which agency was oblivious to.

Acknowledging the seriousness of the matter and addressing the criticism from the Puerto Ricans Laboy told, “This is a very serious situation, extremely serious, we want it to be investigated until the last consequences,” “I cannot speculate about how these things might happen,” “It’s a big responsibility.”


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Canadian Teenager Charged and Arrested for $50 Million Cryptocurrency Theft – Disposable mail news

Samy Bensaci, an 18-year-old teenager from Montreal, Canada has been indicted for 4 criminal charges in relation to a theft of cryptocurrency worth $50 million in a SIM-swapping scam that targeted cryptocurrency holders, as per the reportings by Infosecurity Magazine, dated 17th of January.

The Canadian authorities have accused the teen hacker of being a part of a hacking group that was involved in the theft of millions of dollars from Canadians and Americans. The scam, of which Bensaci was allegedly a part of, stole, “$50 million from our neighbors to the south and $300,000 in Canada” told Lieutenant Hugo Fournier, a spokesperson for the Sûreté du Québec.

Bensaci was charged and consequently arrested in November and was later released on CA $200,000 bail, on orders of living with his parents in Northeast Montreal, as per the local media reports. As a result of the incident, prosecutors prohibited Bensaci’s access to any device that can be connected to the internet including computers, mobile phones, tablets, games, and consoles. Specifically from accessing, “any computer, tablet, mobile phone, game console, including PS3, PS4, Xbox, Nintendo Switch, or any other device capable of accessing the Internet”. He has also been ordered to hand over his passport to local police to assure he does not flee away from the country.

One of the purported victims Don Tapscott confirmed, “We can confirm that last year a hacker attempted to steal crypto assets from our company and its employees. That attempt was unsuccessful. We cooperated with the police [and] have been impressed with their determination to bring those responsible to justice.”

SIM swapping attack, also known as SIM jacking or SIM splitting is a form of identity theft where an attacker targets a weakness in two-factor authentication to take over an account. The attacker exploits a cell phone carrier’s ability to port a phone number to a new device with a new SIM to acquire access to the victim’s credit card numbers, bank accounts, and other financial information. The feature is normally used when someone loses access to his phone (or gets it stolen) or is switching service to a new device. As the reliability of customers on mobile-based authentication is growing, SIM swap attacks have also been on a rise in recent times.


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Google Chrome Extension, Shitcoin Wallet found stealing passwords and crypto-wallet keys – Disposable mail news


MyCrypto platform, reported that Shitcoin Wallet, a Google Chrome extension was injecting JavaScript code on web pages , in order to steal passwords and keys from cryptocurrency wallets.

 The extension, Shitcoin Wallet, Chrome extension ID: ckkgmccefffnbbalkmbbgebbojjogffn, was launched last month on December 9.

With Shitcoin Wallet, users managed their Ether (ETH) coins, and Ethereum ERC20-based tokens — tokens usually issued for ICOs (initial coin offerings) either from the browser or by installing a desktop app.

 Malicious Behavior with the extension

 Harry Denley, Director of Security at the MyCrypto platform, discovered that the chrome extension isn’t what it promises to be. He found malicious code within the extension.

In a blog, zdnet reported that, “According to Denley, the extension is dangerous to users in two ways. First, any funds (ETH coins and ERC0-based tokens) managed directly inside the extension are at risk.
 Second, the extension also actively injects malicious JavaScript code when users navigate to five well-known and popular cryptocurrency management platforms. “

 Danley, said that the extension traffics all the keys on its system to a third party website at erc20wallet[.]tk.

 The malicious code works by the following process

 1. The user install the chrome extension Shitcoin Wallet.
 2. The extension request permission to inject the malicious JavaScript code to 77 websites.
 3. If the user navigates to any of these 77 websites, it injects an additional code .
 4.The code activates on five websites: MyEtherWallet.com, Idex.Market, Binance.org, NeoTracker.io, and Switcheo.exchange
 5. After activation, the code saves the user’s login credentials, keys and other data then siphon it to a third party.

 It is not constructively clear yet if the Shitcoin Wallet team is responsible for the malicious behavior or a third party infiltrated the extension. Shitcoin Wallet team is silent on the allegations and have yet to give any comments on the matter.


 Desktop App

Both 32-bit and 64-bit installers are available for the user to download on the extension’s official website.
VirusTotal, a website that aggregates the virus scanning engines of several antivirus software makers, showed that both versions were clean.
But on a warning note, the desktop app may contain the code or something even worse.


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